In 1795 Immanuel Kant outlined six preliminary conditions for peace between states in his famous essay Zum ewigen Frieden: Ein philosophischer Entwurf (Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch). The Redrafting Perpetual Peace initiative invited academics to engage in the project of re-writing Perpetual Peace to re-frame it for the contemporary world.

Authors and Contributors

This page contains biographical information about all the authors and contributors that participated in the Perpetual Peace Project and Redrafting Perpetual Peace Project.


Anthony Appiah-portraitProfessor Kwame Anthony Appiah earned both his B.A. and Ph.D. degrees in the philosophy department at Clare College, Cambridge University, England. Since Cambridge, he has taught at Yale, Cornell, Duke, and Harvard universities and lectured at many other institutions in the United States, Germany, Ghana and South Africa, as well as at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris; and from 2002 to 2013 he was a member of the Princeton University faculty, where he had appointments in the Philosophy Department and the University Center for Human Values, as well as being associated with the Center for African American Studies, the Programs in African Studies and Translation Studies, and the Departments of Comparative Literature and Politics. In January 2014 he took up an appointment as Professor of Philosophy and Law at New York University, where he teaches both in New York and in Abu Dhabi and at other NYU global centers. More Information

KA-200Karen Armstrong. Religious thinker Karen Armstrong has written more than 20 books on faith and the major religions, studying what Islam, Judaism and Christianity have in common, and how our faiths shaped world history and drive current events. A former nun, Armstrong has written two books about her seven years in the convent, and about her subsequent spiritual awakening, when she developed her iconoclastic take on the major monotheistic religions – and on the strains of fundamentalism common to all. Armstrong’s 2008 TED Prize wish was the Charter for Compassion, a document around which religious leaders can work together for peace. In late fall 2008, the first draft of the document was written by the world, via a sharing website

Gérard Araud-portraitGérard Araud, a career diplomat, was appointed Ambassador of France to the United States in September 2014. He previously held numerous positions within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, notably including that of Director for Strategic Affairs, Security and Disarmament (2000-2003), Ambassador of France to Israel (2003-2006), Director General for Political Affairs and Security (2006-2009), and, most recently, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations in New York (2009-2014). Over the course of his career, Mr. Araud has developed specialized knowledge in two key areas: the Middle East and strategic & security issues. As regards the latter, he was the French negotiator on the Iranian nuclear issue from 2003 to 2006. In New York, at the Security Council, he notably contributed to the adoption of resolutions on Libya (#1970 and #1973), Côte d’Ivoire (#1975), the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali and the Central African Republic, and participated in debates on the Syrian and Ukrainian crises. More Information

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KB-200Kevin Bales is President of Free the Slaves, and Professor of Contemporary Slavery at the Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation, U.of Hull. His book Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economywas published in ten languages. Desmond Tutu called it “a well researched, scholarly and deeply disturbing expose of modern slavery.” In 2008 Utne Reader named Bales one of “fifty visionaries who are changing your world;” the Association of British Universities named his work one of “100 World-Changing Discoveries.” The film based on Disposable People, which he co-wrote, won the Peabody and two Emmys. Bales has advised the US, British, Irish, Norwegian, and Nepali governments. In 2008 he was invited to address the Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates. In 2007 he published Ending Slavery: How We Free Today’s Slaves, a roadmap for the global eradication of slavery. In 2008, with Zoe Trodd, he publishedTo Plead Our Own Cause: Personal Stories by Today’s Slaves; and with eight Magnum photographers, Documenting Disposable People: Contemporary Global Slavery. In 2009, with Ron Soodalter, he published The Slave Next Door: Modern Slavery in the United States. He is currently writing a book on the relationship of slavery and environmental destruction; and with Jody Sarich, a book exploring forced marriage worldwide. More Information

WB-200William C. Banks is an internationally recognized authority in national security law, counterterrorism, and constitutional law. Banks has helped set the parameters for the emerging field of national security law since 1987, co-authoring two leading texts in the field: National Security Law and Counterterrorism Law. In 2008, Banks was named the College of Law Board of Advisors Distinguished Professor at Syracuse University, where he has been a member of the faculty for over 30 years. Since 1998, Banks also has been a Professor of Public Administration in SU’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. He was named the Laura J. and L. Douglas Meredith Professor for Teaching Excellence in 1998, a College of Law Board of Advisors Professor in 2005, and he became the founding director of the Institute for National Security and Counterterrorism at Syracuse University in 2003. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of National Security Law & Policy (JNSL&P). More Information

RB-200Rosi Braidotti (B.A. Hons. Australian National University, 1978; PhD Cum Laude, Université de Paris, Panthéon-Sorbonne, 1981; Fellow Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton,1994; Honorary Degrees University of Helsinki, 2007; University of Linkoping, 2013. Honorary Degree University of Linkoping, 2013. Knight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion, 2005; Honorary Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities, 2009) is a Distinguished University Professor and founding Director of the Centre for the Humanities at Utrecht University. Her books include Patterns of Dissonance, Polity Press, 1991; Nomadic Subjects, Columbia University Press, 1994 and 2011a (second ed.); Metamorphoses, Polity Press, 2002; Transpositions, Polity Press, 2006; La philosophie, lá où on ne l’attend pas, Larousse, 2009; Nomadic Theory. The Portable Rosi Braidotti, Columbia University Press, 2011b and The Posthuman, Polity Press, 2013. Since 2009 she is a board member of CHCI (Consortium of Humanities Centres and Institutes). More Information

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Hélène Cixous-portraitHélène Cixous is a professor, French feminist writer, poet, playwright, philosopher, literary critic and rhetorician. She earned her agrégation in English in 1959 and her Doctorat ès lettres in 1968. Her main focus, at this time, was English literature and the works of James Joyce. In 1968, she published L’Exil de James Joyce ou l’Art du remplacement (The Exile of James Joyce, or the Art of Displacement) and the following year she published her first novel, Dedans (Inside), a semi-autobiographical work that won the Prix Médicis. She has published widely, including twenty-three volumes of poems, six books of essays, five plays, and numerous influential articles. She holds honorary degrees from Queen’s University and the University of Alberta in Canada; University College Dublin in Ireland; the University of York and University College London in the UK; and Georgetown University, Northwestern University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison in the USA. In 2008 she was appointed as A.D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University until June 2014. Currently, she is a professor at European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland and the University of Paris VIII, whose center for women’s studies, the first in Europe, she founded. More Information

Jean-Marc Coicaud-portraitIn September 2011 Jean-Marc Coicaud joined Rutgers University in Newark as director of the Division of Global Affairs and professor of law and global affairs. A noted scholar and educator of international affairs, Coicaud came to Rutgers from the United Nations, where he served as director of the UN University Office in New York since 2003. Coicaud held positions at the UN Department of Political Affairs, served as a senior academic officer and director of studies in international politics at the UN University in Tokyo, worked as a legislative assistant to the Finance Committee of the European Parliament, and served as a cultural attaché with the French Consulate in the United States. Coicaud’s academic experience includes teaching and fellowship positions at Harvard University, New School University, New York University School of Law, Tsinghua University (Beijing), the École Supérieure-Ulm and the University of Paris 1-Sorbonne. Coicaud earned a Doctorat d’État in political philosophy from the Institut d’Études Politiques and a doctoral degree in political science and law from the University of Paris 1-Sorbonne. He is a member of the advisory board of Global Policy Innovations and a member and former fellow of The Harvard Sachs Foundation. More Information

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JD-200Jolle Demmers is Associate Professor and co-founder of the Centre for Conflict Studies, Utrecht University, The Netherlands. She lectures and writes on theories of violent conflict, the role of diasporas in violent conflict, and on ethnographies of neoliberalism. She was Associate Visiting Professor at UC Berkeley (2007) and guest lectured at University of Ruhuna (Sri Lanka), Sabanci University (Turkey), Coimbra University (Portugal), and the European Peace University (Austria). Demmers studied Political Science and International Relations at the University of Amsterdam (MA, 1993) and carried out her PhD research on caciquismo, political violence and neoliberal reform in Mexico (Cultural Anthropology, Utrecht University, PhD 1999). She is currently academic coordinator of the EU funded Marie Curie programmeSustainable Peacebuidling (2010-2014) and is academic representative of the Thematic Network Humanitarian Net (Peace and Conflict Studies). She has conducted years of fieldwork on political violence in central and southern Mexico and Sri Lanka. Jolle is currently engaged in writing projects on War Games, Representations of Borderland Violence, Neoliberal Panopticism, and Perpetual Peace. She is fellow of the Centre for the Humanities (Utrecht University) and is running the Politics of Portrayal research programme. Her newest book Theories of Violent Conflict (Routledge 2012) has been nominated for the ENMISA 2013 Distinguished Book Award. More Information

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QG Quinsy Gario. Read about Qinsy Gario here (in English) and here (in Dutch).





AGAdam Gearey is a professor of law at Birkbeck College, University of London. In 2001-2002, he was a visiting professor in the Faculty of Law at Makerere University, Uganda; and in 2003 a visiting professor at the University of Pretoria. From 2009-10, he was a visiting scholar at The Center for Law and Society, University of California, Berkeley and a visiting professor at the University of Peace, Costa Rica. His most recent publication is Justice as Welfare (London: Bloomsbury, 2012), and ‘Change is Gonna Come: Critical Legal Studies and the Legacies of the New Left’, Law and Critique 2013. More Information

Boris Groys-portraitBoris Groys, Ph.D., is a key contemporary German thinker and writer. Groys has taught at the innovative Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung Karlsruhe (“Karlsruhe University of Arts and Design”) in southwest Germany near the Franco-German border. He was appointed Visiting Professor at the department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1988. Then in 1991 Groys became a Visiting Professor at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. At the same time, between January 1988 and October 1994, he was Assistant Professor of philosophy at the Philosophical Institute at University of Muenster in Germany where he also obtained a doctorate in philosophy along the way in 1992. From September 2005 to May 2009 Groys was Global Distinguished Professor at the Faculty of Arts and Science at New York University. Since September 2009 Groys has been a full Professor of Russian and Slavic Studies at NYU. Since December 2009 Groys has been Senior Research Fellow at the Academy of Design in Karlsruhe, Germany. Currently Groys is also a Senior Fellow at the International Center for Cultural Studies and Media Theory at Bauhaus University in Weimar, Germany. More Information

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CH-200Catherine Hall is professor of modern British social and cultural history at University College London. Her research focuses on re-thinking the relation between Britain and its empire in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. She is particularly interested in the ways in which empire impacted upon metropolitan life, how the empire was lived ‘at home’, and how English identities, both masculine and feminine, were constituted in relation to the multiple ‘others’ of the empire. Civilising Subjects looks at the process of mutual constitution, both of colonizer and colonized, in England and Jamaica in the period between the 1830s and the 1860s. Her recent book, Macaulay and Son: Architects of Imperial Britain (2012), focuses on the significance of the Macaulays, father and son, in defining the parameters of nation and empire in the early nineteenth century. She was Principal Investigator of the ESRC-funded project Legacies of British Slave Ownership,(2004-12), and now of her new ESRC/AHRC funded project The Structure and Significance of British-Caribbean Slave-Ownership, 1763-1833 (2013-16). More Information

PH-200Patrick Hanafin is an Assistant Dean for Research in the School of Law and co-directs the School’s Centre for Law and the Humanities. Professor Patrick Hanafin BA (Limerick), PhD (Dublin City) joined the Law School at Birkbeck as a lecturer in 1999 from the University of Sussex, and was appointed to a Chair in 2008. Professor Hanafin has also held a visiting fellowship at Harvard Law School (1998-99), has been a Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence (2002-2003), and a Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria (July 2008). He will be a Visiting Research Professor at the University of Capetown in the Autumn term 2012. More information

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LK-200Louis Kriesberg (Ph.D. 1953, University of Chicago) is Professor Emeritus of Sociology, Maxwell Professor Emeritus of Social Conflict Studies, and founding director of the Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts (1986–1994), all at Syracuse University. In addition to over 160 book chapters and articles, his published books include: Constructive Conflicts, 4th ed., 2012, co-authored with Bruce W. Dayton, (earlier editions 1998, 2003, 2007), Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding (co-ed, 2009), International Conflict Resolution (1992), Timing the De-Escalation of International Conflicts (co-ed., 1991), Intractable Conflicts and Their Transformation (co-ed., 1989), Social Conflicts (1973, 1982), Social Inequality (1979), Mothers in Poverty (1970), Social Processes in International Relations (ed., 1968), and Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (ed., Vols. 1-14, 1978-1992). He was President of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (1983–1984), and he lectures, consults, and provides training regarding conflict resolution, security issues, and peace studies. More information

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GL_newGregg Lambert is Founding Director and Dean’s Professor of Humanities, Syracuse University Humanities Center, as well as Project Director/Principal Investigator of the Mellon CNY Humanities Corridor, which includes Cornell University and the University of Rochester. Professor Lambert is internationally renowned for his scholarship on comparative baroque and neo-baroque culture, contemporary issues in critical theory and the academic Humanities, and 20th century continental philosophy, and especially for his writings on the late contemporary French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Jacques Derrida. He is author of eight books and critical editions, and over fifty articles and scholarly chapters; his various writings have been translated into French, Korean, Japanese, Norwegian, and several other languages. His major works include The Non-Philosophy of Gilles Deleuze (2002), The Return of the Baroque in Modern Culture (2004), Who’s Afraid of Deleuze and Guattari? (2008), and the three-volume Jean-Francois Lyotard: Critical Evaluations in Cultural Theory (2006), co-edited with Victor E. Taylor. More information

Edward Luck-portraitEdward C. Luck is a professor, author, and expert in international relations. He holds a Bachelor of Arts from Dartmouth College with High Distinction in International Relations and a series of graduate degrees from Columbia University, including a Master of International Affairs from the School of International Affairs, the Certificate of the Russian Institute, and Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in political science from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. He served as the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Adviser at the Assistant Secretary-General between February 2008 and July 2013. Mr. Luck was formerly the Vice-President and Director of Studies of the International Peace Academy, an independent policy research institute. He is currently on public service leave as Professor of Practice in International and Public Affairs of the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University, where he is Director of the Center on International Organization. More Information

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Thomas-Mayr-Harting-portraitAmbassador Thomas Mayr-Harting took up his post as Head of the EU Delegation to the UN in New York on 16 October 2011. He previously served from December 2008 as the Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations in New York. From 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010 he represented Austria on the UN Security Council. He was President of the Security Council for the month of November 2009. In his former capacity as the Austrian Ambassador to the UN, he also served as Vice-President of the 66th General Assembly. Between 2003 and 2008, Mr. Mayr-Harting served as Political Director (Director General for Political Affairs) of the Foreign Ministry of Austria. From 1999 to 2003 he was the Austrian Ambassador to Belgium and Head of the Austrian Mission to NATO. Before his departure for New York, Mr. Mayr-Harting also chaired the supervisory board of the Austrian Development Agency. Mr. Mayr-Harting joined the Austrian diplomatic service in 1979. More Information

achille mbembe-portraitProfessor Achille Mbembe, born in Cameroon, obtained his Ph.D in History at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1989 and a D.E.A. in Political Science at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Paris). He was Assistant Professor of History at Columbia University, New York, from 1988-1991, a Senior Research Fellow at the Brookings Institute in Washington, D.C., from 1991 to 1992, Associate Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania from 1992 to 1996, Executive Director of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (Codesria) in Dakar, Senegal, from 1996 to 2000. Achille was also a visiting Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, in 2001, and a visiting Professor at Yale University in 2003. He has written extensively in African history and politics, including La naissance du maquis dans le Sud-Cameroun (Paris, Karthala, 1996). On the Postcolony was published in Paris in 2000 in French and the English translation has been published by the University of California Press, Berkeley, in 2001. More Information

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PP_newPaul Patton is Scientia Professor of Philosophy at The University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. His current research deals with aspects of French poststructuralist philosophy and contemporary left-liberal political philosophy, including the rights of colonized indigenous peoples. He is the author of Deleuze and the Political (Routledge, 2000) and Deleuzian Concepts: Philosophy, Colonization, Politics (Stanford, 2010). He is editor of Nietzsche, Feminism and Political Theory (Routledge 1993), Deleuze: A Critical Reader (Blackwell 1996), and co-editor (with Duncan Ivison and Will Sanders) of Political Theory and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Cambridge, 2000), (with John Protevi), Between Deleuze and Derrida, (Continuum, 2003) and (with Simone Bignall) Deleuze and the Postcolonial (Edinburgh 2010). More Information

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bright Bright Richards. Read about Bright Richards here and here (in Dutch).




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Saskia Sassen-portraitSaskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology, and Chairs The Committee on Global Thought, Columbia University. She is a student of cities, immigration, and states in the world economy, with inequality, gendering and digitization three key variables running though her work. Born in the Netherlands, she grew up in Argentina and Italy, studied in France, was raised in five languages, and began her professional life in the United States. She is the author of eight books and the editor or co-editor of three books. Together, her authored books are translated in over twenty languages. She has received many awards and honors, among them multiple doctor honoris causa, the 2013 Principe de Asturias Prize in the Social Sciences, election to the Royal Academy of the Sciences of the Netherlands, and made a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French government. More Information

Richard Sennett-portraitProfessor Richard Sennett writes about cities, labour and culture. He is University Professor of the Humanities at New York University and the Centennial Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He also serves as the director of Theatrum Mundi, a professional network of urbanists and artists in different cities that offers a forum for cross-disciplinary discussion about cultural and public space in the city. Professor Sennett earned a Harvard University Ph.D. in 1969. He has been a Fellow of The Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the Royal Society of Literature. He is the founding director of the New York Institute for the Humanities. In 2006 Sennett was the winner of the Hegel Prize awarded by the German city of Stuttgart, and in 2008 was awarded the Gerda Henkel Prize by the Gerda Henkel Foundation of Düsseldorf, Germany. More Information

Thomas Stelzer-portraitThomas Stelzer currently serves as the Ambassador of Austria in Portugal. He holds a doctorate in law from Vienna University, a Master of Arts in Latin American Studies from Stanford University, and a diploma in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies, Bologna Center. Stelzer served in a variety of diplomatic and international positions in his early career. Ambassador Stelzer has been serving since August 2001 as Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations (Vienna), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Preparatory Commission. From 2002 to 2007, he was Facilitator and Chair of the Vienna Terrorism Symposiums. In 2003, he was Chair of the CTBTO Preparatory Commission. Between 2005 and 2006, he serves as President of the UNIDO Industrial Development Board. Most recently, he served as a Vice-Chair of the Second Conference of States Parties of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. From March 2008 to June 2013 he served as United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. He was appointed to this position by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in February 2008. More Information

peter szendy-portraitPeter Szendy is a French philosopher and musicologist. Among his major works, Kant chez les extraterrestres: philosofictions cosmopolitiques (2011), a reading of Carl Schmitt and Kant that follows the trail of extraterrestrial presence in many of the philosopher’s major works. The specifically cosmopolitical dimension of mankind in Kant, Szendy argues, does not reside in the traditional, “vertical” definitions that locate man between the beast and the divine, but in the “horizontal” comparison that projects him in outer space. Kant chez les extraterrestres draws on the two meanings of the Greek word kosmos, oscillating between cosmetics and cosmopolitics. More Information

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